- 历年考题 （800道）
- 历年考题 （800道）
- 历年考题 （800道）
- 历年考题 （800道）
- 历年考题 （800道）
What adults can learn from kids
Now, I want to start with aquestion: When was the last time you were called childish? For kids like me,being called childish can be a frequent occurrence. Every time we makeirrational demands, exhibit irresponsible behavior, or display any other signsof being normal American citizens, we are called childish, which really bothersme. After all, take a look at these events: Imperialism and colonization, worldwars, George W. Bush. Ask yourself: Who's responsible? Adults.
Now, what have kids done?Well, Anne Frank touched millions with her powerful account of the Holocaust,Ruby Bridges helped end segregation in the United States, and, most recently,Charlie Simpson helped to raise 120,000 pounds for Haiti on his little bike.So, as you can see evidenced by such examples, age has absolutely nothing to dowith it. The traits the word childish addresses are seen so often in adultsthat we should abolish this age-discriminatory word when it comes tocriticizing behavior associated with irresponsibility and irrational thinking.
而小孩呢，做了些什么？安妮·弗兰克(Anne Frank)对大屠杀强有力的叙述 打动了数百万人的心。鲁比·布里奇斯为美国种族隔离的终结作出了贡献。 另外，最近还有一个例子，查理·辛普森（Charlie Simpson）骑自行车 为海地募得12万英镑。所以，这些例子证明了年龄与行为完全没有关系。"幼稚"这个词所对应的特点是常常可以从大人身上看到，由此我们在批评不负责和非理性的相关行为时，应停止使用这个年龄歧视的词。
Then again, who's to saythat certain types of irrational thinking aren't exactly what the world needs?Maybe you've had grand plans before, but stopped yourself, thinking: That'simpossible or that costs too much or that won't benefit me. For better orworse, we kids aren't hampered as much when it comes to thinking about reasonswhy not to do things. Kids can be full of inspiring aspirations and hopefulthinking, like my wish that no one went hungry or that everything were freekind of utopia. How many of you still dream like that and believe in thepossibilities? Sometimes a knowledge of history and the past failures ofutopian ideals can be a burden because you know that if everything were free,that the food stocks would become depleted, and scarce and lead to chaos. Onthe other hand, we kids still dream about perfection. And that's a good thingbecause in order to make anything a reality, you have to dream about it first.
In many ways, our audacityto imagine helps push the boundaries of possibility. For instance, the Museumof Glass in Tacoma, Washington, my home state -- yoohoo Washington --(Applause) has a program called Kids Design Glass, and kids draw their ownideas for glass art. Now, the resident artist said they got some of their bestideas through the program because kids don't think about the limitations of howhard it can be to blow glass into certain shapes. They just think of goodideas. Now, when you think of glass, you might think of colorful Chihulydesigns or maybe Italian vases, but kids challenge glass artists to go beyondthat into the realm of broken-hearted snakes and bacon boys, who you can seehas meat vision. (Laughter)
Now, our inherent wisdomdoesn't have to be insiders' knowledge. Kids already do a lot of learning fromadults, and we have a lot to share. I think that adults should start learningfrom kids. Now, I do most of my speaking in front of an education crowd,teachers and students, and I like this analogy. It shouldn't just be a teacherat the head of the classroom telling students do this, do that. The studentsshould teach their teachers. Learning between grown ups and kids should bereciprocal. The reality, unfortunately, is a little different, and it has a lotto do with trust, or a lack of it.
Now, if you don't trustsomeone, you place restrictions on them, right. If I doubt my older sister'sability to pay back the 10 percent interest I established on her last loan, I'mgoing to withhold her ability to get more money from me until she pays it back.(Laughter) True story, by the way. Now, adults seem to have a prevalentlyrestrictive attitude towards kids from every "don't do that,""don't do this" in the school handbook, to restrictions on schoolinternet use. As history points out, regimes become oppressive when they'refearful about keeping control. And, although adults may not be quite at thelevel of totalitarian regimes, kids have no, or very little, say in making therules, when really the attitude should be reciprocal, meaning that the adultpopulation should learn and take into account the wishes of the youngerpopulation.
如果你不信任某人，你就给他们设限，对吧。如果我怀疑我姐姐没有能力偿还我给她的上一笔贷款的百分之十的利息时，我将要限制她再向我借钱，直到她还清借款为止。（笑声）顺便提一下，这是个真实的例子。大人呢，似乎普遍地对小孩持限制性的态度，从学校手册里的 “不能做这个”、“不能做那个” 到学校互联网使用的各种限制性规定。历史告诉我们，当政体害怕统治失控时，它就会变得暴虐。虽然大人可能不会像独裁政权一样心狠手辣，但小孩在制定规则方面是几乎没有话语权的。而正确的态度应该是两者相互尊重的， 也就是说成人群体应该了解并认真对待年幼群体的愿望。
Now, what's even worse thanrestriction is that adults often underestimate kids abilities. We lovechallenges, but when expectations are low, trust me, we will sink to them. Myown parents had anything but low expectations for me and my sister. Okay, sothey didn't tell us to become doctors or lawyers or anything like that, but mydad did read to us about Aristotle and pioneer germ fighters when lots of otherkids were hearing "The Wheels on the Bus Go Round and Round." Well, weheard that one too, but "Pioneer Germ Fighters" totally rules.(Laughter)
I loved to write from theage of four, and when I was six my mom bought me my own laptop equipped withMicrosoft Word. Thank you Bill Gates and thank you Ma. I wrote over 300 shortstories on that little laptop, and I wanted to get published. Instead of justscoffing at this heresy that a kid wanted to get published, or saying waituntil you're older, my parents were really supportive. Many publishers were notquite so encouraging. One large children's publisher ironically saying thatthey didn't work with children. Children's publisher not working with children?I don't know, you're kind of alienating a large client there. (Laughter) Now,one publisher, Action Publishing, was willing to take that leap and trust me,and to listen to what I had to say. They published my first book, "FlyingFingers," -- you see it here -- and from there on, it's gone to speakingat hundreds of schools, keynoting to thousands of educators, and finally,today, speaking to you.
I appreciate your attentiontoday, because to show that you truly care, you listen. But there's a problemwith this rosy picture of kids being so much better than adults. Kids grow upand become adults just like you. (Laughter) Or just like you, really? The goalis not to turn kids into your kind of adult, but rather better adults than youhave been, which may be a little challenging considering your guys credentials,but the way progress happens is because new generations and new eras grow anddevelop and become better than the previous ones. It's the reason we're not inthe Dark Ages anymore. No matter your position of place in life, it isimperative to create opportunities for children so that we can grow up to blowyou away. (Laughter)
Adults and fellow TEDsters,you need to listen and learn from kids and trust us and expect more from us.You must lend an ear today, because we are the leaders of tomorrow, which meanswe're going to be taking care of you when you're old and senile. No, just kidding.No, really, we are going to be the next generation, the ones who will bringthis world forward. And, in case you don't think that this really has meaningfor you, remember that cloning is possible, and that involves going throughchildhood again, in which case, you'll want to be heard just like mygeneration. Now, the world needs opportunities for new leaders and new ideas.Kids need opportunities to lead and succeed. Are you ready to make the match?Because the world's problems shouldn't be the human family's heirloom.
Thank you. (Applause) Thankyou. Thank you.
谢谢你们！ （掌声） 谢谢！谢谢！